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According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), “free-range” beef, pork, and other non-poultry products are loosely defined as coming from animals who ate grass and lived on a range.
Free range is a method of farming where the animals are permitted to roam freely instead of being contained, like in a feed lot. The principle is to allow the animals as much freedom as possible, to live out their instinctual behaviors in a reasonably natural way, regardless of whether or not they are eventually killed for meat.